Gaps in learning can have a detrimental effect on student’s academic development. The achievement gap, opportunity gap, and a learning gap are three near to similar terms that represent the difference between what a student has learned currently and what academic progress what the student was actually expected to learn at a certain point in his or her education, such as a particular age or grade level. A learning gap can be of two types:
Minor Gap in Learning:
The deficiency to acquire a certain skill or meet a particular learning standard indicates a minor gap that can be filled with a little push or motivation.
Significant Gap in Learning:
It can be a major gap and drastically lags behind performance as in the case of students who have missed large amounts of school learning due to any reason.
How Do Learning Gaps Affect Students?
Learning gaps sometimes are now also termed “Opportunity Gaps” that draws attention to the conditions and obstacles that young students face throughout their educational careers. It demands a change in an inclusive system that is not providing opportunities for all kids to thrive and succeed.
Students, who have developed a learning gap, often feel hesitant speaking up in class, especially when they know they’re falling behind. For this reason, a differentiated or individualized help of an educator offering personalized instruction is the most helpful way to abolish the learning gaps.
Sometimes a child starts misbehaving with peers or teachers just to hide his deficiency and to keep up his self-esteem. If this gap is left unresolved over time and becomes more severe and pronounced, which can increase the chances that a student will have to struggle to make academic progress or they may be socially or emotionally deteriorating, and eventually refuse to attend school.
Types of Learning Gaps:
Many elements create and build up these gaps in learning. Here are a few of them to find out their causes and to fix them along. Let us read:
- Knowledge Gaps:
Some students simply do not know or have not been exposed to the right information for example they choose the subject which may not be suitable for their natural aptitude or their opportunities may not enable them to focus more.
- Motivation Gap:
Sometimes a student has both the knowledge and skills but may need to consider attitude and motivation. They may lack motivation due to domestic or peer pressure but can improve given time to do so.
- Environmental Gap:
Due to personal environmental issues, it is sometimes hard for learners to catch-up with the study material and having the right amount of guidance or the right tools to work and fill these vital gaps.
- Communication Gap:
Sometimes the learning gaps persist because the right messages are not being sent between teacher and learner. The rapport between the two parties and effective learning methodologies can cover up this gap to help a student perform and fill their gaps in learning.
Tips to Close Learning Gaps:
As students get older, it may get harder to eliminate important gaps in learning, Excel Education wants to support schools to help identify emotional gaps and support the students and school:
- Students may lag behind their peers and will suffer from the gap in learning, and this often creates lesson issues.
- The teachers may not be properly trained or supported to help the student, it may require specialised training or a particular expertise. (View Excel Education in-school training programmes)
Assess Students’ readiness level:
Using pre-created summative assessments; you can build your own with the standardized summative assessments form and check your student’s readiness level and assess the gap where exactly he may lack.
Incorporate Checks for Understanding:
Use pre-created formative assessments or build up your own with the standards-based topics that may help you for evaluating checks during the lesson.
Checklist or Data to Guide and Modify Instruction:
Checklists to evaluate or reflection record and individual data for each student for overall performance helps teachers use data to modify instruction.
Feedback and Practice Make Progress:
Teacher’s access reports providing meaningful feedback that can be given at the moment. To enhance students’ understanding, teachers can activate standards to deliver personalized and adaptive practices and help them to score better by eliminating the gaps and hindrance on their way of a learning journey.
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